Puppet theater DIY tutorial

I think puppet theaters are sooo cute–and what a great way to get your kid to have some imaginative play time!–but some of the ones out there you can buy are so expensive.

I wanted something for Ryan to do with his great-grandma when he goes to visit… I thought putting on puppet shows was a great idea! Plus, my grandma lives at an assisted-living place and everyone there gets so excited when Ryan comes to visit–I mean, he’s so cute, I don’t blame them ;) so I thought maybe he’ll end up doing puppet shows for the whole place!

1. Gather your supplies. I used the smaller sized Elmer’s tri-fold foam board (but this could easily be done with the large size, too), some red fabric for the curtains, CraftBond glue, a variety of gold ribbon, x-acto knife, scissors, and construction paper.

2. Measure the opening for your theater stage and cut it out with the x-acto knife (or scissors). I just kind of guessed on the size for the opening… I went 2 inches in from each side of the center piece of the tri-fold board and came down 6 inches from the top.

3. After the opening is cut out, poke a small hole above the left and right sides (I used a pen). You’re going to thread some thin gold ribbon through here to hang the curtain on.

4. From the back, thread the ribbon through on one side, pull it across the front and thread it through the other hole, to the back of the board again.

5. I pretty much sucked at taking pictures at this point, but… I took my red fabric and folded it in half so that I could drape it over that ribbon. Then, to help secure it in place, I threaded the ribbon back through the holes again… so it came over the top of the red fabric curtain. Pull the ribbon tight and tie it in the back. I pulled the red fabric up a bit at the top too, to add some poof :)

6. At this point, the curtain is just one big piece of fabric. So take your scissors and just cut straight up the middle so that you end up with two sides.

7. Using the pen again, I poked a small hole in the foam board on the left and right sides of the curtain, about half way down. You’ll thread ribbon through these holes to tie the curtain back.

8. Now it’s time to decorate! I bought some thicker, sequined ribbon to make a top border. It’s elastic so it works really well when the board is folded flat or opened up for play time. I attached it with the Elmer’s CraftBond Ultra Stix All glue, which worked REALLY well. I wrapped the ends of the ribbon around to the back of the board too so you wouldn’t see any edges.

9. More decorating… I added some more of this sequined ribbon to the top of the curtain. Just thought it’d look better :) And then I cut stars out of construction paper and glued them all over (again, with the CraftBond glue).

10. Viola! You’re done! I haven’t decided what to do with the white space at the top middle of the board… maybe add more stars… I thought about writing “Ryan’s Show!” in fancy markers, but then I thought about baby #2 on the way and how I’d have to make another one for them with their name on it, haha.

Now we’re all set to visit Ryan’s great-grandma at the nursing home! Ryan will be center of attention :)

There is SO MUCH you could do with this project. You could paint the board first or decorate it with scrapbook paper… or pictures of the “stars” of the show–your kids! Use any color scheme or decorations… if you used the large size tri-fold board, you could make the stage opening at the middle top so the kids have a small area at the bottom to hide or store their puppets. I’d make puppets out of socks or those lunch sized brown paper bags.

What ideas do you have to make this differently? I’d love to hear them!

Have fun!!!

This project has been compensated as part of a social shopper insights study for Elmer’s #gluenglitter#collectivebias. All opinions and craftiness are my own ;)

Low body fat linked to death in dialysis patients.(RENAL DISORDERS)

Family Practice News December 1, 2009 | Brunk, Doug SAN DIEGO — A low percentage of total body fat is associated with higher 5-year mortality in hemodialysis patients, even after adjustment for demographics, comorbid conditions, and other surrogates of nutritional status, results from a large study showed.

“Hemodialysis patients do exhibit an obesity paradox,” Debbie Benner said during a press briefing at the annual meeting of the American Society of Nephrology, “Low body mass index is associated with greater mortality, whereas higher BMI appears to be protective.” In a study led by Dr. Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh of the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, researchers used near-infrared interactance technology to measure body fat percentage in the upper arms of 671 hemodialysis patients from eight centers in California operated by DaVita Inc., and then investigated their survival between 2001 and 2006.

Ms. Benner, a registered dietitian who is vice president of clinical support for DaVita, a nationwide provider of dialysis services, described near-infrared interactance as a “noninvasive, simple, and rapid method of assessing percent body fat based on light absorption and reflection using near-infrared light emission.” [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The study was conducted because protein energy wasting “is a common problem in chronic kidney disease patients and is associated with a reduction in muscle and body fat stores. Measuring body composition including total body fat in dialysis patients may provide important information about nutritional status and outcomes in dialysis patients,” she said. go to site body fat percentage calculator

The mean age of patients was 54 years: 52% were men, 30% were African American, 54% were diabetic, and their mean total body fat percentage was 27%.

The researchers divided the patients into five groups based on body fat percentage: less than 10% (34 patients); 10% to less than 20% (156 patients); 20% to less than 30% (210 patients), 30% to less than 40% (182 patients), and 40% or higher (89 patients).

Using patients with 20%-30% body fat as the referent group, Ms. Benner and her associates performed a survival analysis adjusted for age, gender, diabetes, Charlson index score, and race. They also controlled these associations for the surrogates of the malnutrition-inflammation complex syndrome (MICS), including serum albumin, hemoglobin, normalized protein catabolic rate, phosphorus, total iron-binding capacity, ferritin, calcium, and creatinine. The association between body fat and mortality was then assessed. site body fat percentage calculator

Case-mix analysis revealed that dialysis patients with less than 10% body fat were 2.54 times more likely to die than those in the referent group, while the MICS analysis revealed a 2.96-fold increased risk of death. Analysis of the other groups confirmed a direct relationship between body fat and mortality risk. “When the body fat percentage increased, the mortality risk declined, and vice versa,” Ms. Benner said.

She acknowledged limitations of the study, including the potential for selection bias “and the fact that other measures of nutritional status were not tested.” The study was funded by the National Institutes of Health and by DaVita.

Ms. Benner disclosed no other conflicts other than her employment with DaVita.

Brunk, Doug

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